PGA Tour, Inc v Martin

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Modified: 12th Jan 2024
Wordcount: 315 words


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Also known as: PGA Tour v Martin
Full case name: PGA TOUR, INC. V. MARTIN (00-24) 532 U.S. 661 (2001)


In the case, PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin (2001), the respondent, Casey Martin, a professional golfer affected by a degenerative circulatory disorder threatening his leg, applied for the use of a golf cart during PGA TOUR competitions under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) (Scalia, 2001).


The critical question for the Supreme Court: Was the PGA TOUR, a public accommodation under Title III of ADA? And does the refusal to allow a disabled golfer to use a cart during competition against ADA's demand to make reasonable modifications for disabled individuals?

Holding and Rule

The Supreme Court ultimately ruled favorably for Martin, with a 7-2 majority. The Court held that the PGA TOUR was indeed a public accommodation under Title III of the ADA and, therefore, had an obligation to provide reasonable modifications for individuals with disabilities. In this case, the Court concluded that permitting Martin to use a cart during competition qualified as a reasonable modification that would not fundamentally alter the nature of the games (Stevens, 2001).


The Supreme Court's decision affirmed the decision made by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. The PGA TOUR was ordered to allow Martin to use a golf cart during competition (Stevens, 2001).


Scalia, A. (2001). 'PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin: Scalia, J., Dissenting'. Supreme Court of the United States. Retrieved from

Stevens, J.P. (2001). 'PGA TOUR, INC v. MARTIN'. Cornell Law School. Retrieved from

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